Ashley Hall's Professional Education Portfolio

K-12 Certified Music Educator

Substandard F


An understanding and appreciation of general and liberal arts including English, literature, humanities, social sciences, mathematics, natural or physical sciences, and the arts, and the ability to:

f. Understand and respect the role, rights, and value of the individual in a free democratic society

This substandard addresses the teacher’s ability to independently discuss and analyze the role, rights, and importance of the individual in a free democratic society. In the contexts of a music classroom, directors constantly discuss the role of each instrumental section, as well as individual instrumentalists, and their role in the band as a whole.

One concept each band needs to learn somewhere in their musical journey is the idea of “The McBeth Inverted Triangle,” more commonly know as “The Pyramid of Sound.” The Pyramid of Sound is based on the concept of expanding on the volume of the lower pitched wind instruments, such as the tuba, contras, baritones, etc. and diminishing the upper tones demonstrated by the flutes, clarinets, trumpet, etc.

The concept is easiest for students to remember when placed  in a triangle shaped based on their pitch range (high to low). Once this has been done, the students have a clearer understanding of the individual role their instrument plays in the total sound concept of the ensemble.

Below is an illustrated image of the Pyramid of Sound. The percentages can be modified depending on the layout of your individual ensembles;

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